Modern hot air balloons are made from about a thousand yards of ripstop nylon or polyester
and sewn together with miles of seams. The baskets are woven with wicker and most have a
plywood floor. Wicker is favored because it is light, strong, and flexible.
A typical hot air balloon is 55 to 60 feet in diameter, stands about 70 feet tall and carries
3 to 5 people, but they come in all sizes from (relatively) tiny solo balloons to large
models able to carry 22 passengers in a multi-compartment basket.
Because balloons fly with the wind they need gentle winds to have a gentle flight. In
most areas winds must be 9 miles (14km) per hour or less to launch balloons. If it's a beautiful day
for flying a kite, it's probably too windy for a balloon. Pilots also avoid any severe
weather (such as thunderstorms).
Balloons launch at sunrise and a few hours before sunset. While this allows spectacular
photos, the real reason is that winds are calmest at the beginning and the end of the day.
Thermal activity and related winds prevent balloons from flying midday. Although it
requires getting up extra early, sunrise flights are usually best.
While there's no steering wheel, a pilot can change direction by ascending or descending
into a wind going in a different direction. The air above us moves in different directions at
different altitudes, allowing a balloon to shift directions by changing altitude.
You never know where you're going until you get there. That's part of the charm of
ballooning, a balloon goes wherever the winds take it.
Hillsboro Balloon Festival